COPYRIGHT_IO: Published on https://www.islamopediaonline.org/news/ by - on 2022-09-29T13:41:44.905Z
What comes to your mind when you hear religion law and Iraq? Some people might not have enough ideas about how these are all connected and significant to the world. Balancing justice with long-term peace and security in a post-conflict context is extremely difficult. The challenges in Iraq's post-IS (Islamic State) landscape are discussed in this article.
When news broke on August 12, 2022, that the writer Salman Rushdie had been attacked, many people immediately remembered the fatwa, or edict, issued in 1989 by Iran's Supreme Leader at the time, Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, calling on all Muslims to kill him. Rushdie's 1988 novel, "The Satanic Verses," was accused by Khomeini of insulting Islam and blaspheming the Prophet Muhammad. Riots and credible death threats drove Rushdie into exile, where he spent the next nine years under British police protection. He did not resurface until 1998, after Iran promised not to enforce the fatwa but did not rescind it.
Dr. Ali Gomaa is the Grand Mufti of Egypt. He was born on March 3rd, 1952 in Bani Suwaif. He studies at the Faculty of Commerce, and then after graduating, he completed another bachelor’s degree from Al-Azhar in 1979, followed by two masters and a PhD degree in 1988. Before becoming the Grand Mufti, he was Professor of Juristic Methodologies at Al-Azhar University.
Pakistan transnational influences and militancy, have huge effects in the society. The growing influence of the terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS) is a worrisome. Terrorist organizations like Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State frequently rely on local militant groups to establish new affiliates or branches around the world. While previous research has primarily focused on the motivations of groups to align, as well as the effects of alliances on the lethality.
Sayyad Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah Lebanon Responds To Question If It's Permissible To Take Loans If You're Non Islam - The Shariah View
He is known as Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Hussain Fadlallah. He was born in Lebanon on November 16, 1935 and died on July 4, 2010. He was a renowned Shia cleric. Following his education in Islam in his hometown of Najaf, Iraq, Fadlallah emigrated to Lebanon in 1952. In the years that followed, he started the Mabarrat Association, spoke a lot, did a lot of research, wrote many books, and set up a lot of Islamic religious institutions.
In the service of the caliphs Abu Bakr (r. 632-634) and Umar (r. 634-644), Abdu Zubayr ibn al-Awwam was an Arab Muslim commander who took part in the early Muslim conquests of Sasanian Iraq (r. 633-634), Byzantine Syria (r. 634-638), and the African Exarchate (r. 639–643). Through Qusai ibn Kilab, a Quraish chieftain in Mecca who was in his fourth generation, he also shared lineage with Muhammad.
Grand Ayatollah Seyed Reza Hosseini Nassab (b. 1960) studied at taught at Qom Seminary from 1976 to 1991. In 1991, upon accomplishment of three thesis in Islamic Jurisprudence, Astronomy and acknowledgment of Shi'a faith, he received Professorship Certificate a doctorate degree from the Qom Seminary. He has co-founded a number of Islamic institutions in various major cities in Canada, Germany, and Switzerland, and currently resides in Toronto, Canada.
Emad Eddine Abdel-Ghaffour, acting President of Al-Nour Party, called on Christians to join the party, stressing that the party is for all Egyptians and is not restricted to any one group. He also said that the party has created a committee to establish contacts with Copts and Nubians, as well as professionals such as college professors and experts in different fields.
Youm7 is a daily, electronic newspaper based in Cairo, Egypt. Formed in October 2008, Youm7 was initially a weekly paper; it became daily on May 31, 2011. Youm7 also launched its English-language website in May 2011, "with the goal of providing quality coverage of Egyptian news in English."
Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi (1928-2010) is best known as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar Mosque and Grand Sheikh of Al-Azhar University since being appointed to that post from his former post as the Grand Mufti of Egypt. In his early career, Tantawy joined the Alexandria Religious Institute in 1944, and became a member of the faculty of Usul al-Deen in 1968. In 1972 he became a member of the faculty of Arabic & Islamic Studies at the Islamic University of Libya.
Sheikh Atiyyah Saqr (b. 1914, hijra 1333, Bahanbai in the Nile Delta, Egypt, d. 2006) received his education at al-Azhar University, graduating with the al-Alamiyah degree in 1941. Alongside being a prolific writer, he was a consultant for the Egyptian Ministry of Awqaf, (the ministry of religious endowments). He sat in various religious councils, such as the Al-Azhar's Islamic Research Academy, Higher Council for Islamic Affairs and Al-Azhar's Fatwa Committee.
Mohamed Abdel Salam Faraj (b. 1952) studied electrical engineering at Cairo University and worked as an electrical engineer in Cairo. His father was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood. Faraj was inspired by Maududi and Sayyid Qutb.
Khairat El-Shater (b. May 4th, 1950, El-Dakahleyya governorate) is the Deputy of the Supreme Guide at present. He became a member of the Guidance Council of the Muslim Brothers in 1995. After receiving his Bachelor’s degree in Engineering from Alexandria University in 1974, he received his master’s degree in engineering from Mansoura University.
Hilaluddin Chen Guangyuan (1932-) is a prominent Imam in China. A Hui from Wen County of Hebei province, Guangyuan obtained his religious education in Shenyan city. In the 50s he studied Arabic at Hui National College in Beijing and the continued his studies at China Islamic Institute in Beijing. From 1958--1966 he assumed the position of Imam in a mosque of Changping County and later Niujie Mosque in Beijing. He is the President of China Islamic Association since 2001.
If a person, whether a ruler among his people or master in a family, cannot apply the provisions of Islam to his subordinates and is compelled to violate Islamic law, so long as he recognizes Islamic law, even if he cannot implement it, he is a wrongdoer, but not an infidel. However, if he denies the provisions of Islam he is no more a Muslim but an infidel and an apostate.
Ayatollah Mohaqiq Kabuli (b. 1928 in a village located in north-west of Kabul, Afghanistan) started religious studies in his early ages in Kabul. Later in 1953, later moves to Najaf, Iraq, to benefit from the chair of such elite jurists like Sheik Mortaza Ansari, Abdol-ali Sabzevari, and Sheik Kazem Tabrizi. He returns to Afghanistan in 1973.
Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips Responds To The Question, "What Are The Islamic Rules Governing The Execution Of An Individual?"
When an individual is charged with a crime, he/she is brought to court and evidence for the case is given to a panel of judges. If the individual confesses to the crime then the law is applied but if not then the judges examine the evidence, and only if they find that the evidence is not one hundred per cent accurate will the law not be applied. If the judgement passed by the judges was that the law should be applied, then the case is sent to a higher court.
Justice Mufti Maulana Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Uthmani (b. 1943 in Deoband, India) is an eminent Hanafi Islamic scholar. He studied at Darul Uloom in Karachi where he received his Takhasus (PhD equivalent) in Islamic education. He also received an M.A. from Punjab University in Arabic Literature and his Law degree (LLB) from Karachi University.