• News

Religion Law And Iraq - The Way It Affects The Global Society


What comes to your mind when you hear religion law and Iraq? Some people might not have enough ideas about how these are all connected and significant to the world.

Balancing justice with long-term peace and security in a post-conflict context is extremely difficult. The challenges in Iraq's post-IS (Islamic State) landscape are discussed in this article.

Based on a review of relevant Arabic, English, and Persian academic scholarship on Islamic law and Islamic political science on accountability and transitional justice, it discusses what Islamic law requires state authorities to do with detained suspects of atrocity crimes and terrorism, and it investigates Islamic legal possibilities for balancing justice and long-term peace and security.

The article concludes that crimes against the state should, in theory, result in harsh punishments under Islamic law. However, the same body of law allows for non-retributive alternatives if doing so allows the government to deal with the security crisis more quickly, restore public harmony, and prevent future bloodshed.

The popular perception of Iraqis supporting retributive approaches, on the other hand, could pose a significant barrier to any changes to Iraq's current transitional justice approach.

COPYRIGHT_IO: Published on https://www.islamopediaonline.org/religion-law-and-iraq/ by Aaliyah Azeena on 2022-10-21T20:39:25.024Z

The article is based on a review of relevant academic scholarship in Arabic, English, and Persian on Islamic law, Islamic jurisprudence (Fiqh), and Islamic political science, accountability, and transitional justice.

We used both Sunni and Shia Islamic resources (traditional and modern) and attempted to analyze them equally and objectively. Furthermore, in order to properly address Muslim communities' religiously divided views, we mostly relied on consensual approaches/opinions from all major schools of Islamic jurisprudence that have already been accepted by both sides.

There are four sections to this article. The first section gives an overview of Islam's general principles/laws on accountability for rebels and fighters. The second section goes into greater detail about post-conflict accountability in Iraq, including how alleged perpetrators of atrocities and terrorism are held accountable.

The third section looks at how Islamic jurisprudence can help countries with a strong Islamic presence develop a more tailored and balanced transitional justice framework. Finally, the final section discusses the framework's applicability in post-IS Iraq.

The article concludes that, while Islamic law, in general, prescribes harsh punishments for rebels and fighters, it also allows for non-retributive alternatives if doing so allows the government to deal with the security crisis more quickly, restore public harmony, and prevent future bloodshed.

The constitution declares Islam to be the official religion and declares that no law may be passed that contradicts the "established provisions of Islam." It guarantees religious freedom to all individuals, including Muslims, Christians, Yezidis, and Sabean-Mandeans, but does not explicitly mention other religions or atheists.

According to religious leaders and representatives of nongovernmental organizations, restrictions on religious freedom, as well as violence against and harassment of minority groups committed by government security forces (ISF), remained widespread outside the Iraqi Kurdistan Region (IKR) (NGOs).

Sunni provinces such as Anbar, Salah al-Din, Kirkuk, and Ninewa reported fewer security incidents in 2019 compared to 2018. A Sunni Muslim parliamentarian from Diyala Province said in September that government-affiliated Shia militias continued to forcibly displace Sunnis in his province, resulting in widespread demographic change along the Iraq-Iran border.

Members of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF), a state-sponsored organization composed of more than 50 mostly Shia militias formed to combat ISIS, have been harassing and physically abusing Yezidis, Christians, and local and international NGOs.

Christians claimed that the PMF maintained control of territory in Christian areas and trade routes in the Ninewa Plain, and that militias forced Christians to pay bribes to pass through PMF checkpoints.

Former parliamentarian Kamil al-Ghurawi, a Sunni from Baghdad, accused government-affiliated Shia militia groups in August of forcibly displacing Sunni residents in Baghdad's al-Madain District and attempting to change the district's demography.

According to the Kurdistan Regional Government's (KRG) Yezidi Rescue Coordinating Office, 2,874 Yezidis were still missing after ISIS's 2014 attack on northern Iraq. Representatives of minority religious communities said that, despite occasional harassment from local authorities, the central government did not interfere with minority religious observances.

People Also Ask

Does Iraq Have Islamic Law?

The legal system of Iraq is based on French civil law, as well as Sunni and Jafari (Shi'ite) interpretations of Sharia. Personal status matters (such as marriage, divorce, and inheritance) are governed by the rules of each religious group, according to Article 41 of the constitution.

What Are The Religious Beliefs In Iraq?

Shia Muslims, primarily Arabs but also Turkomans, Faili (Shia) Kurds, and others, make up 55 to 60% of the population. Sunni Muslims account for roughly 40% of the population, with Arabs accounting for 24%, Kurds 15%, and Turkomans making up the remaining 1%.

What Are The Top 3 Religions Of Iraq?

Today, the country is overwhelmingly Muslim, who are split into two distinct sects, Shia and Sunni.

Final Words

The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) engaged in discriminatory behavior against Christians, according to The Globe correspondent Khidir Domle, and the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP)-dominated judiciary did so routinely against Assyrians, failing to enforce judgments in their favor, according to Assyrian Christians. These allegations were rejected by the KRG.

Share: Twitter | Facebook | Linkedin

About The Authors

Aaliyah Azeena

Aaliyah Azeena - Aaliyah Azeena is using her own voice to speak up for ourselves, the Musilm and kickstart an open honest dialogue about Islam in today’s society. She is raising the place of Muslim women in mainstream society, drawing awareness to the Qur’an’s message of gender equality and Islam’s principle of peace. Aaliyah is paving the way toward a world in which every woman can raise her head without fear of being attacked for her gender or beliefs. She is pioneering our own paths as Muslim women living in today’s modern society, and this is our story.

Recent Articles

  • The Best Arab Football Player Last Season


    The Best Arab Football Player Last Season

    Egyptian Messi, Desert Pele... Manchester City, Liverpool FC, Chelsea, and PSG players: who is the best arab football player in the world?

  • The Richest Muslims In The World - Business Lessons In Arab


    The Richest Muslims In The World - Business Lessons In Arab

    As you read this article about the richest muslims in the world, you will learn about Muslims who have done well in business. However, Muslims continue to do well in business, and here is a list of the ten richest and wealthiest Muslims you should be aware of.

  • Islamic Reiki - Allowed Or Forbidden?


    Islamic Reiki - Allowed Or Forbidden?

    If you follow Islam, your faith surely matters to you and may play a crucial role in how you live your life. Although you may have heard wonderful things about islamic reiki as well, you don't want to take any actions that would conflict with your religious convictions. Fortunately, there is no incompatibility between Reiki and Islam. They both have very spiritual personalities and appreciate harmony and peace.

  • The Life Of Kenyan Muslims - Political And Economic Stand


    The Life Of Kenyan Muslims - Political And Economic Stand

    Early in the 1990s, Kenyan Muslims contributed to the effort to have the nation's oppressive political laws repealed. However, Muslims, who make up 11% of the population, have not yet reaped the rewards of their activist work.

  • Media In Islamic World - It Is Safe For Journalism In Muslim Countries To Report Inner Conflicts?


    Media In Islamic World - It Is Safe For Journalism In Muslim Countries To Report Inner Conflicts?

    We have grown accustomed to this sad circumstance, where the parade of data frequently lacks the necessary context, particularly when it comes to religion. Media in islamic world definition it is difficult due the restriction and differences in the faith all countries.

  • Islamic Science During Medieval Age - Significant Additions To Structure


    Islamic Science During Medieval Age - Significant Additions To Structure

    Science in the Latin West was limited to the level of predigested handbooks and encyclopedias that had been repeatedly condensed due to the Roman world's lack of interest in theoretical issues. Islamic science during medieval age shaped modern west science.

  • The Best Muslim Countries To Travel


    The Best Muslim Countries To Travel

    Discover the best muslim countries to travel, from Malaysia's vibrant festivals to Turkey's cultural heritage and the UAE's natural beauty. Explore adventure activities, accommodations, and more in this guide to the best Muslim countries to visit.

  • The Basics Of Halal Marketing


    The Basics Of Halal Marketing

    Looking to tap into the growing Muslim consumer market? Learn about Halal marketing, promoting products and services that align with Islamic principles and values. Discover how to optimize your Halal marketing strategy for digital channels and reach your target audience.

  • Best Muslim Series You Should Watch


    Best Muslim Series You Should Watch

    Everyone enjoys a good drama series, but it's uncommon to discover dramas and movies that are also Muslim series, historical accounts of Islam, and educationally and spiritually uplifting.

  • Muslim Actors That Are Breaking Barriers In Hollywood

  • Exploring The Rich History Of Muslim Architecture

  • Islam And Fortune Telling - Why It Is Forgiven For Muslims

  • Muslim Science Changed The World

  • All You Need To Know About Islamic Jewelry