Association of Muslim Scholars (Iraq)

Established by Arab and Kurdish Sunni clerics in 2003, the Association of Muslim Scholars is not a political party despite its influence in Iraqi political affairs. Instead, denying the legitimacy of Iraq’s new government and identifying closely with Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood, the Association has refused to officially participate in the political process. It advocates an immediate end to US occupation of Iraq through armed resistance, and has sought to represent a unified religious voice to Iraq’s Sunni community through its religious fatwas. It has been criticized for its links with Al-Qaeda and for supporting violence, as well as its anti-Shi’ite rhetoric.