Amman Message, (Jordan)

The Amman Message began as a detailed statement released on the auspicious occasion of the eve of the 27th of Ramadan 1425 AH (November, 9th 2004) by H.M. King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein in Amman, Jordan.

H.M. King Abdullah II then sent the following three questions to 24 of the most senior religious scholars from all around the world representing all the branches and schools of Islam: (1) Who is a Muslim? (2) Is it permissible to declare someone an apostate? (3) Who has the right to undertake issuing religious rulings?

Based on the responses that he received, in July of 2005 CE, H.M. King Abdullah II convened an international Islamic conference of 200 of the world's leading Islamic scholars from 50 countries. In Amman, the scholars unanimously issued a ruling on three fundamental issues (which became known as the 'Three Points of the Amman Message').

1.They specifically recognized the validity of all eight legal schools of Sunni, Shi'a and Ibadhi Islam; of traditional Islamic Theology, Ash'arism; of Islamic Mysticism, Sufism, and of Salafi thought.
2.The council came to a precise definition of who is a Muslim, and based upon this definition they forbade takfir (declarations of apostasy) between Muslims.
3.Based upon Islamic legal methodology they set forth the subjective and objective preconditions for the issuing of fatwas, thereby exposing ignorant and illegitimate edicts.

These Three Points were then unanimously adopted by leaderships at the Organization of the Islamic Conference summit at Mecca in December 2005.Over a period of one year from July 2005 to July 2006, the Three Points were also unanimously adopted by six other international Islamic scholarly assemblies, culminating with the International Islamic Fiqh Academy of Jeddah, in July 2006. In total, over 500 leading Muslim scholars worldwide unanimously endorsed the Amman Message and its Three Points.