Institution

Ansar al-Shari’a in Tunisia

Ansar al-Shari’a in Tunisia (founded April 2011) is headed by Seifullah ben Hassine (aka Abu Iyad al-Tunisi), co-founder along with Tunisian Tarek Maaroufi of the Tunisian Combat Group in Afghanistan.  Hassine was arrested in Afghanistan in 2003 and imprisoned in Tunisia until shortly after the Tunisian revolution, at which point he organized a conference which became Ansa

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has its roots in the Armed Islamic Group (GIA) which resisted the Algerian government in a prolonged conflict throughout the 1990s.  In 1998, the Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat, a sub-group of the GIA, withdrew from the organization and sought local support through public disavowal of civilian killings.  By 2006, this su

Tablighi Jama’at

Tablighi Jama’at (est. in India, 1926) is an international Islamic society which encouraged proselytization and increased personal piety through emulation of the Prophet Muhammad and purification of Islam. It arose out of Hindu-Muslim tensions in India but soon spread and now operates in roughly 150 countries, claiming anywhere from 12 to 80 million followers.

Hizb ut-Tahrir

Hizb ut-Tahrir became the second Salafi political party licensed by the Tunisian government in July 2012.  Unlike their predecessor, the Reform Front, however, Hizb ut-Tahrir is explicit about their connections to Salafi groups in other countries and their desire to re-establish a caliphate in the Islamic world.  The international Hizb ut-Tahrir movement began in 1953

The Reform Front

The Reform Front was licensed on March 29, 2012 as Tunisia’s first Salafi political party, with the support of Ennahda, which sought to incorporate Islamist element into the political system.  The Reform Front’s published platform calls for Islamic law with some elements of civil law and celebrates human rights and freedoms within an Islamic context.  Members of the F

Islamic Salvation Front (FIS)

Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) (est.

Congress for the Republic

Congress for the Republic (est.

Ettakatol

Ettakatol (the Democratic Forum for Work and Freedoms, est.

Ennahdha

Ennahda (est. 1981 as the Islamic Tendency Movement) is a self-described moderate Islamist party currently in a majority position in Tunisian government.  Founded by Abd al-Fatah Morou and its current president Rashid al-Ghanouchi, Ennahda was suppressed under Ben Ali’s regime for its Islamic nature and its head at the time, Dr.

Muttahida Quami Movement

The Muttahida Quami Movement ("United National Movement"/MQM) is a liberal political party of Pakistan, with its stronghold in Karachi. It started as a student organization in Karachi University and was called the ‘All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization’ in 1978. The founding member was Mr. Altaf Hussain who is still the leader of the political party.