Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979) was the president and then prime minister of Pakistan from 1971-1977. He founded the Pakistan’s People Party (PPP) and was its chairman till his death in 1979. Following a political crisis in the country, Bhutto was imprisoned by General Zia-ul-Haq, who imposed Martial Law on July 5, 1977. In March 1978 he was sentenced to death on the charge of conspiracy to murder of a political opponent. Despite the weakness of the prosecution case and national and international demands for clemency Bhutto was hanged on 4 April 1979.