Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Hoseyni Khamenei (b. 1939) also known as Ali Khamenei, is an Iranian politician, cleric and the figurehead of the conservative establishment in Iran. He has been the Supreme Leader of Iran since 1989 and was president of Iran from 1981 to 1989.
Khamenei was the victim of a terrorist attack in June 1981 which paralyzed his right hand. In 2000 he was listed by the Committee to Protect Journalists as "one of the top ten enemies of the press and freedom of expression", and was named to the Time 100 most influential persons in 2007. One of the biggest challenges to his leadership has been the mass protests following the June 2009 presidential elections, during which more than 100 citizens were killed and nearly four thousand people were arrested. Khamenei continued to strongly support Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for President of the Islamic Republic.