Editor's note: Updated on Feb. 18 at 11:49 a.m.
Yusuf al-Qaradawi, a leading Egyptian Islamic theologian popularized by Al Jazeera, returned to Cairo today to deliver a stirring but overtly political sermon, calling on Egyptians to preserve national unity as they press for democratic progress.
â€œDonâ€™t let anyone steal this revolution from you â€“ those hypocrites who will put on a new face that suits them,â€ he said, speaking to at least 200,000 who gathered for Friday prayers in Tahrir Square, the epicenter of Egypt's uprising. â€œThe revolution isnâ€™t over. It has just started to build Egypt â€¦ guard your revolution.â€
The massive turnout and Mr. Qaradawi's warning that the revolution is not complete demonstrate that if the military drags its feet on reform, another uprising could begin. And while his sermon was nonsectarian and broadly political, the turnout was also a reminder that political Islam is likely to play a larger role in Egypt than it has for decades.
Waving flags under the afternoon sun, the protesters in Tahrir today vowed to press on, assembling a list of 35 demands for what they say is Part II of the revolution.
â€œEgyptian people are like the genie who came out of the lamp and who have been in prison for 30 years,â€ says Hoda Youssry, adding that only one of their demands â€“ Mubarak's ouster â€“ has been met so far. â€œWe are not going back in until all our demands are met.â€
Qaradawi, a spiritual leader to the Muslim Brotherhood here, sought to reassure Egyptâ€™s Coptic Christian minority saying â€œin this square sectarianism diedâ€ and praised Copts for linking hands to symbolically protect Muslims while they prayed during the uprising.
â€œThe regime planted sectarianism here â€¦ in Tahrir Muslims and Christians joined hands for a better Egypt,â€ said the theologian, who has lived in semi-exile in Qatar for decades.
And while he praised Egyptâ€™s new military rulers, he warned that they must quickly restore civilian rule.
â€œThe real message here was, 'Donâ€™t mess with us Egyptians,' " says Shadi Hamid, research director at the Brookings Instituteâ€™s Doha Center in Qatar, who joined the crowd at Tahrir today. â€œItâ€™s a clear message to the military, warning them that people are still willing to come out in massive numbers and itâ€™s going to continue indefinitely if needed.â€
The devout crowd, many of whom turned out to hear Qaradawi give his first public speech since 1981, was also a reminder that huge sections of Egypt take their Islamic faith seriously â€“ and that real and open democratic reform will almost certainly lead to a stronger role for the faith in the nationâ€™s political life.
â€œQaradawi is very much in the mainstream of Egyptian society, heâ€™s in the religious mainstream, heâ€™s not offering something thatâ€™s particularly distinctive or radical in the context of Egypt,â€ says Mr. Hamid. â€œHeâ€™s an Islamist and heâ€™s part of the Brotherhood school of thought, but his appeal goes beyond the Islamist spectrum, and in that sense heâ€™s not just an Islamist figure, heâ€™s an Egyptian figure with a national profile.â€
Qaradawi called for the immediate release of the thousands of political prisoners that remain in Egyptâ€™s jails, an end to the feared state security services, the dissolution of the cabinet of Mubarak loyalists who have been retained by the countryâ€™s military junta, and an end to the economic blockade of the Gaza Strip.
After his speech, he read from the Quran, his voice cracking as he reached a verse on the fate of tyrants. Then the thousands settled into prayer amid a pin-drop silence before breaking out into shouts of â€œno to Hosni, no to his regime, no to his supporters.â€
The throngs at Tahrir Square today for whatâ€™s been billed as a celebration of the revolution and a day of mourning for the hundreds killed in protests, demonstrated that Egyptâ€™s protest movement still holds the power to generate mass demonstrations and pressure the military.
In recent days there have been emerging splits among the activists and protesters who drove Mubarak from power one week ago. Discussions with the broad coalition of activists who helped kick-start the uprising have revealed plans for at least five political parties with different purposes and ideological visions. The Muslim Brotherhood, too, is likely to start at least one party of its own.
There have been some signs of the military council now in charge of Egypt, led by Defense Minister Mohamed Tantawi, reaching out to the Brotherhood. The head of a constitutional reform committee that Mr. Tantawi appointed two days ago is ideologically simpatico with the Brothers.
But the senior military leadership is also deeply suspicious of political Islam. In a possible sign of their ambivalence about the role the Brothers might play in coming days, state television did not carry Qaradawiâ€™s speech and the stirring events at Tahrir Square.
And whether democratic demands are going to be met remains an open question. The constitutional reform committee answers to the generals, and was appointed with no obvious input from the groups that pushed Mubarak from power.
Wael Nawara, a spokesman for the Ghad Party â€“ a small opposition group that was involved in the democracy protests â€“ says heâ€™s worried that constitutional changes are being drawn up without any real input from Egyptian civil society and opposition politicians.
â€œThere were people who worked against all odds, carrying the flag of change, for seven years or so,â€ Mr. Nawara says. â€œTrying to bypass those groups and starting to talk to individuals, however well intentioned, would be a huge mistake.â€
Qaradawi has often been a controversial figure in the West â€“ he was banned from traveling to the US because of his support for attacks on US troops in Iraq, for instance â€“ but is very much in the Sunni Islamic mainstream.
When former Monitor reporter Jill Carroll was kidnapped in Iraq in 2006, Qaradawi issued a religious ruling reiterating his position that the kidnapping and murder of civilians is sinful and called for her immediate release.
Sarah Lynch contributed reporting from Cairo.