If Canada becomes an Islamic land, will a special tax on non-Muslims be imposed, and what will become of the non-Christian and non-Jewish peoples?

Religious Authority: 
Ahmed Kutty
Fatwa Question or Essay Title: 
If Canada becomes an Islamic land, will a special tax on non-Muslims be imposed, and what will become of the non-Christian and non-Jewish peoples?

The question does not arise, for Muslims are living in Canada in a contractual relationship with fellow citizens; the country is based on a central charter of rights guaranteeing freedom for all people to practice their own religion. Muslims are not supposed to break this contractual obligation. Historically, Muslims who emigrated to Christian lands lived peacefully with their host communities without seeking to impose their own laws on others. Likewise, Christians and Jews and others fleeing from persecution sought asylum and protection in Muslim lands and thrived under Muslim rule.

Jizyah, or poll tax, is not a general prescription; rather it is contextually based. As modern scholarship has concluded, it had a close affinity with the tax systems prevailing in the Christian countries that Muslims came to rule. Nor can we reckon jizyah as something so essential to faith in the sense that Islam is deemed as incomplete without it. As for your question of dealing with non-Christians and non-Jews, historically Muslims ruled India many centuries, and yet the vast majority of Indians still remain Hindus. This would not have been the case if Muslims had no tolerance for religions other than Christian and Jewish.

Questions such as the one you have can very well be posed in regards to any other religion including Christianity itself; for many of the institutions of medieval Christianity are no longer relevant today in modern secular democratic societies; likewise, jizyah is not relevant to this milieu. Finally, for your information, in the modern world, jizyah is not imposed in any of the Muslim countries that have significant number of non-Muslim populations.