Dr. Sawy of the Assembly of Muslim Jurists of America responds to a question about abortion of a child with severe medical problems

Fatwa, posted 4.22.2010, from United States, in:
Religious Authority: 
Salah al-Sawy
Fatwa Question or Essay Title: 
Is it permissible for a woman to undergo an abortion if she is aware that her child will be born with severe medical problems?

If pregnancy is 120 days long, then it is not permissible to abort the child, even if the medical diagnosis proves that the child might be [deformed], unless a medical report by authority and professional doctors shows that keeping the child [places] a high risk on the mother's life, then it is permissible to abort it, whether it was [deformed] or not, that is to avoid the gravest of the two risks. Before 120 days of pregnancy, if it is proved by a medical committee by authority and professional doctors, and based upon technical and laboratory examinations that the child is seriously [deformed]and could not be cured, and it survived and born on his term, and his life would be bad and painful for it and for his family, then it is permissible to abort it, upon a request from the parents. The Assembly is resolute on this, and advises the doctors and the parents to fear Allah and be sure on that matter. And Allah is the Lord of success and prosperity.