As an internally divided and fractured nation seeking to sew itself back together, Yemen must cope with the pressures of many influences from abroad, cultural, economic, religious, and military. Iran, as the regional antagonist, is frequently invoked in discussion of the Houthi and Hirak movements against the central Yemeni government. Saudi Arabia and Yemen share an entangled history going back to before the unification of the country and now spar over counter-terrorism measures and religious influence. The United States and the United Kingdom both have an ambiguous relationship with Yemen stemming from mixed internal politics and diaspora community advocacy. Finally and most recently, the increasingly sectarian nature of the conflict in Syria draws in the diverse elements of Yemeni society in a way that threatens the National Dialogue process and future unity of the country.