The vast majority of Yemen’s indigenous population is Muslim, 45% of whom are Zaydi and 55% are Sunni. For many centuries, Yemeni Jews were Yemen’s only indigenous non-Muslim minority, yet since the establishment of the state of Israel, their numbers have dwindled. Today, there are no more than 300 Yemeni Jews in the country.
Despite the fact that Yemen is a relatively homogenous society, it has been rife with sectarian and ideological conflicts between different Muslim sectarian and Islamist groups. The following section will shed some light on the major religious minorities in the country, their position in the state, and the dynamics that will likely continue to shape the future of those groups and the country.