References

Secondary Sources

The listing below includes the main academic books, journal articles, and conference reports that were consulted in the preparation of this profile. The many news articles and non-scholarly websites that were consulted in the preparation of this profile are not included in the listing below but are rather embedded as links in the profile text itself. 


Islam and the Constitution

Khan, M.A. (Ed.). (1989). The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Karachi: Pakistan Law House.

Lau, M. (2006). The Role of Islam in the Legal System of Pakistan. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.

Islam and the Legal System

Chowdhury, A.B.M.S. (1964). “The Problem of Representation in the Muslim Law of Inheritance”, Islamic Studies, No. 3.

Esposito, J.L. (1987). “Islam: Ideology and Politics in Pakistan.” In Ali Banuazizi and Myron Weiner (Eds.). The State, Religion, and Ethnic Politics: Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan. Lahore: Vanguard Books.

Haqqani, H. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Lahore: Vanguard Books.

International Crisis Group (ICG) Asia Report No. 196, 6 December 2010. Reforming Pakistan’s Criminal Justice System (Islamabad/Brussels).

International Crisis Group (ICG) Asia Report No. 160, 16 October 2008. Reforming the Judiciary in Pakistan (Islamabad/Brussels).

Kennedy, C. (1990). “Islamization and Legal Reform in Pakistan 1979-1989”, Pacific Affairs 63:1 (Spring).

Mahmud, T. (1995). “Freedom of Religion and Religious Minorities in Pakistan: A Study of Judicial Practice,” Fordham International Law Journal, 19:1.

Nasr, V. (1994). The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: The Jamaat-i-Islami of Pakistan. London: I.B. Tauris Publishers.

Talbot, I. (2005). Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst and Company.

Islam and the Education System

Alexiev, A. (2003). “The Pakistani Time Bomb,” Commentary, March 2003, 46–52.

Ali, S. H. (2010). “What role for Islam today? The Political Islamisation of Pakistani Society,” in Shaping a Nation: an Examination of Education in Pakistan. Ed. Stephen M. Lyon. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Andrabi, T., Das, J., & Khwaja, A.I. (2008) “A Dime a Day: The Possibilities and Limits of Private Schooling in Pakistan”, Comparative Education Review, Vol. 52, no.3.

Andrabi, T., Das, J., & Khwaja, A.I., Vishwanath, T & Zajonc, T. (2007). Pakistan: Learning and Educational Achievements in Punjab Schools (LEAPS): Insights to inform the education policy debate. Harvard Kennedy School.

Andrabi, T., Das, J., & Khwaja, A.I., & Zajonc, T. (2005). Religious School Enrollment in Pakistan: A Look at the Data. Washington D.C.: World Bank.

Annual Status of Education Report Pakistan (ASER) 2011, South Asia Forum for Education Development, January 26, 2012.

Fair, C. (2008). The Madrassah Challenge: Militancy and Religious Education in Pakistan, Washington D.C.: United States Institute of Peace Press.

Haqqani, H. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military. Lahore: Vanguard Books.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 164, 13 March 2009. Pakistan: The Militant Jihadi Challenge. Islamabad/Brussels: ICG.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No.130, 29 March 2007, Karachi’s Madrasas and Violent Extremism. Islamabad/Brussels: ICG.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No.84, 7 October 2004. Pakistan: Reforming the Education Sector, Islamabad/Brussels: ICG.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 73, 16 January 2004, Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan’s Failure to Tackle Extremism. Islamabad/Brussels: ICG.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 36, 29 July 2002. Pakistan: Madrasas, Extremism and the Military. Islamabad/Brussels: ICG.

Saigol, R. (1994). “Boundaries of Consciousness: Interface between the Curriculum, Gender and Nationalism.” Ed. R. S. Saigol and N. S. Khan. Locating the Self: Perspectives on Women and Multiple Identities. Lahore: ASR Publications, 41-76.

Stephens, J., & Ottaway. D.B. (2002, March 23). “The ABC's of Jihad in Afghanistan,” The Washington Post.

Singer, P.W. (2001). Pakistan’s Madrassahs: Ensuring a system of Education not Jihad, Brookings Analysis Paper # 14. Washington D.C.: Brookings.

Social Development in Pakistan, Annual Review 2002-03, The State of Education, Social Policy and Development Center. Karachi: SPDC.

Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI), 2003. The Subtle Subversion: The State of Curricula and Textbooks in Pakistan. Islamabad: SDPI.

United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF), 2011, Connecting the Dots: Education and Religious Discrimination in Pakistan (A Study of Public Schools and Madrassas). Washington D.C..

Islam and Politics

Haqqani, Husain. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, Lahore: Vanguard Books.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 216, 12 December 2011, Islamic Parties in Pakistan. Islamabad/Brussels

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 130, 29 March 2007, Karachi’s Madrasas and Violent Extremism, Islamabad/Brussels

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 49, 20 March 2003, Pakistan: The Mullahs and the Military. Islamabad/Brussels

Talbot, Ian. (2005). Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst and Company.

Transnational Influences and Militancy

Abbas, Hassan. (2007, September 27) “Increasing Talibanization of Pakistan’s seven tribal agencies” Terrorism monitor, Volume 5, issue 18.

Abbas, Hassan. (2008, January), “A Profile of Tehrik-i-Taliban”, CTC Sentinel, vol.1, no. 2.

Dressler, Jeffrey A. (2010). The Haqqani Network: From Pakistan to Afghanistan. Washington D.C. Institute for the Study of War.

Fair, Christine. (2011, January) “The Militant Challenge in Pakistan,” Asia Policy, Number 11.

Grare, Frederic. (2006, October). Pakistan Afghanistan Relations in the Post 9/11 Era, Carnegie Papers, Number 72.

Haqqani, Hussain. (2005). Pakistan: Between Mosque and Military, Lahore: Vanguard Books.

Hoffman, Bruce (2011, May). “Bin Laden’s Killing and its Effect on Al-Qaida: What comes next?”, CTC Sentinel Special Issue.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No.227, 27 June 2012, Aid and Conflict in Pakistan. Islamabad/Brussels.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No.224, 03 May 2012, Pakistan’s Relations with India: Beyond Kashmir?Islamabad/Brussels.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 178, 21 October 2009, Pakistan: Countering Militancy in FATA. Islamabad/Brussels.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 164, 13 March 2009. The Militant Jihadi Challenge, Islamabad/Brussels.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No. 95, 18 April 2005. The State of Sectarianism in Pakistan. Islamabad/Brussels.

International Crisis Group Asia Report No.73, 16 January 2004. Unfulfilled Promises: Pakistan’s Failure to tackle Extremism. Islamabad/Brussels.

Markey, Daniel (2008). Securing Pakistan’s Tribal Belt, Center for Preventive Action, Council Special Report No. 36. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.

Markey, Daniel. (2007) “A False choice in Pakistan”, Foreign Affairs, Vo.86, No.4.

Metcalf, Barbara D. (2000). Traditionalist Islamic Activism: Deobandis, Tablighis and Talibs, Social Science Research Council.

Rana, Muhammad Amir (2010). Hizbut Tahrir in Pakistan: Discourse and Impact. Pakistan Institute for Peace Studies.

Rashid, Ahmed. (2008). Descent into Chaos: The U.S. And the Failure of Nation-Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Viking.

Reetz, Dietrich. (2009, April). Migrants, Mujahidin, Madrasa Students: The Diversity of Transnational Islam in Pakistan, The National Bureau of Asian Report.

Stern, Jessica (2003). “The Protean Enemy,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 82, No.4.

Stern, Jessica (2000). “Pakistan’s Jihad Culture,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 76, No.6.

Talbot, Ian. (2005). Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst and Company.

Thomas, Jeffrey (2011, August 18). Transnational Terrorist Networks: The Afghanistan-Pakistan Connection, Background Brief, Center for the Study of the Presidency and Congress, August 18, 2011.