Islam and the Constitution

Islam plays an important role in the legal system and its public perception. The Constitution of 1923, the first Egyptian Constitution after the 1919 independence revolution, stated that: “Islam is the religion of the state and Arabic is its official language” (Article 149). Similarly, the Constitution of 1930 stated that: “Islam is the religion of the state, and Arabic is its official language” (Article 138). Since this time Egypt has witnessed a number of new constitutions, declarations, and amendments that deal with the constitutional relationship between Islam and the state. Most recently, Article 2 of the 1971 Constitution, amended in 1980 and upheld in 2007, states that "Islam is the main source of legislation". The role of Islam in the state and its constitution remains hottly debated. 

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