Muslims have had a presence in the territories of modern day China since the middle of the seventh century. The Muslim population grew steadily with waves of conversions to Islam as well as the movement of traders, soilders, and craftsman across China's different regions. Localized populations of Muslims often had thier on regional languages and customs, but some also assimilated into mainstream Chineese culture. In the late Middle Ages, Muslims in the Northwestern regions of China experienced protracted conflicts with ruling Chinese dynasties, and the numbers of Muslims were drastically reduced by the ensuing centuries of warfare. Despite some remaining tensions which periodically flare, Muslims across modern China enjoy the freedoms of expression given to Chineese citizens since the later decades of the 20th century.
The sub-sections below provide an overview of the different political trends and dynasties of importance to Chineese-Muslim history: